ELENA MS. OSTEOPATA D.O.


Contador de visitas activo desde 18 Junio 2012

 Puede consultar la formación de este curso de especilaización y sus aplicaciones en el siguiente link : 

  https://www.chiklyinstitute.com/Class/Brain/B1

 

 

Brain 1 (B1): Brain Tissue, Nuclei, Fluid & Autonomic Nervous System

 

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Class

Class Code: 
B1

The Brain Therapy Curriculum is an advanced-level course that takes us to the next realm of manual therapy. It explores the brain, spinal cord, white matter, grey matter, and also in this level brain nuclei such as corpus callosum, septum pellucidum, indusium griseum, fornix, thalamus, globus pallidus, amygdala, hippocampus, brainstem, cerebellum, etc.
The body often aligns itself around these precise structures, and they are frequently unaddressed key/dominant tissue restrictions.

The techniques presented in this class can probably help most of your patients, but it can specifically help pathologies such as closed-head injuries, whiplash, headaches, dyslexia, cerebral palsy, cognitive behavioral dysfunctions, learning disabilities, ADD/ADHD, and Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. Students will learn specific techniques to release brain-centered restrictions as well as the damaging effects that these restrictions cause.

Brain1 is an advanced class that use a slightly different paradigm by working extensively with the brain parenchyma, grey and white matter, cranial and spinal structures, rather than mainly concentrating on the cranial bones and membranes.

This work requires perceptual skills to be able to address tissue microstructures, and we will have specific exercises in the class to help build up these skills.
Cerebellum
This class will propose different ways to release these structures, and once learned, you will understand how these structures are repeatedly one of the most important, and yet least often addressed components of somatic dysfunctions.


Many topics will be covered in the Brain Therapy classes, in general, including:

  • 1. Cranial bones (intraosseous and interosseous lesions) Claustrum
  • 2. Cranial membranes in all anatomical directions
  • 3. Fluid: 3 distinct compartments
    • a. Subarachnoid spaces and cerebral cisterns
    • b. Brain parenchyma and the glymphatic system
    • c. Ventricles
  • 4. Grey Matter: 3 and 6 layered cortex and brain nuclei
  • 5. White Matter: 3 types of organization
  • 6. Electro-magnetic field (EMF) of the brain
  • 7. Emotions, as well as mental or spiritual dimensions.

I know that the normal brain lives, thinks, and moves within its own specific membranous articular mechanism." - Sutherland WG, "The Cranial Bowl", Free Press, First Edition, 1939, reprint 1994, pp 51.

 

    • Identify Septum-Pellucidumand access very precise areas of the brain that hold primary lesions and trauma

    • Explore methods for dealing with tissue trauma and cellular fear

    • Discover techniques to help release restrictions in more than 20 brain nuclei, including the corpus callosum, fornix, thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus, pituitary and substantia nigra

    • Gain techniques for fluid dynamics and nuclei related to the ventricular fluid system, lateral, 3rd and 4th ventricles and central canal of the spine

    • Learn a gentle and respectful technique to release the whole brain and spinal cord parenchyma

    • Discover the suggested protocol for brain and spinal cord dysfunctions

    Preparation

    Advance study of anatomy is required.

    It is of utmost importance that you prepare for this class as far in advance as possible. Many students feel it is never too early to begin the study of neuroanatomy structures.

     

    The DVD "Dissection of the Brain and Spinal Cord" was specifically made to facilitate preparation for this class.

    This DVD will show you structures such as the ventricular system, the brain parenchyma; the major components (nuclei) of the brain and spinal cord including: corpus callosum, fornix, thalamus, putamen, globus pallidus, caudate nucleus, amygdaloid bodies, hippocampus, mamillary bodies, red nucleus, substantia nigra, pituitary, hypothalamus, cerebellum and associated nuclei, cauda equina, conus medullaris, filum terminale internum and externum.

     

    You will be spending class time reviewing specific areas of the central nervous system. You therefore need to pay particular attention to the anatomy (and physiology) of the brain and spinal cord along with the central nervous system as you prepare for class.

     

    For this class it is more important to know the 3 dimensional location of a brain stucture and its relationship to the surrounding structures, than its classical described physiology.

    It is recommended that you review some books such as "Netter's Atlas of Human Neuroscience" (see list of references below).

    Terminology

    We have provided a list of terms below you need to study before attending this course.
    It is very important for you to be familiar with the following words and concepts.


    Anatomical/Physiological Terms

    • All cranial bones, meninges and associated structures
    • Structure and physiology of brain ventricles: frontal horn, temporal horn, occipital horn, central part, interventricular foramen of Monro, optic recess, interthalamic adhesion, aqueduct of Sylvius, foramen of Luschka, foramen of Magendie, choroid plexus of lateral, third and fourth ventricles, and central canal of the spinal cord
    • Major structures of the brain, including: corpus callosum, septum pellucidum, indusium griseum, fornix, thalamus, pulvinar, interthalamic adhesion, putamen, nucleus accumbens, globus pallidus, lentiform nucleus, caudate nucleus, basal ganglia, Internal capsule, External capsule, clastrum, limbic system, amygdala, hippocampus, mamillary bodies, brain stem, hindbrain, medulla oblongata, pons, diencephalon, mesencephalon, cerebellum and associated nuclei (fastigial, globose, emboliform, dentate), red nucleus, substanta nigra, pituitary (hypophysis), hypothalamus and its numerous nuclei, pineal(epiphysis), locus ceruleus, colliculus and geniculate bodies.
    • Astrocyte, oligodendrocyte, microglia, ependyma, organelles, cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, centriole (centrosome/basal bodies), Golgi apparatus or Golgi complex, ribosome (ribonucleoprotein), Endoplasmic reticulum (ER), mitochondria, granule/vesicle/vacuole, microfilaments (actin filaments), intermediate Filaments, microtubules, extracellular matrix (ground substance) (You can use "Silent Waves" Part 6, Chapter 3 as a reference for this topic).

    Pathologies

    Be sure you are familiar with the following pathologies: closed-head injuries, whiplash, dyslexia, cerebral palsy, cognitive behavioral dysfunctions, learning disabilities, ADD/ADHD, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's.


    List of words from the Netter's Atlas of Human Neuroscience

    Be familiar with the brain structures from each of the following pages of “Netter's Atlas of Human Neuroscience” First Edition, (2nd  edition in parenthesis), [3rd edition in brackets]:

    Page 7 (page 6-7) [page 7-11]: The different cells of the CNS: Astrocyte, oligodendrocyte, microglia, ependyma, [glial]

    Page 23 (page 34), [page 52]: Insula

    Page 25 (page 37-38), [page 55-56]: Corpus callosum: genu, body, splenium; cingulate gyrus, pituitary, interthalamic adhesion, pineal, cerebellum, medulla oblongata

    Page 27 (page 40), [page 58]: Olfactory bulb, pituitary, mammilary bodies, red nucleus, substantia nigra, splenium of corpus callosum

    Page 29 (page 46), [page 64]: Ventricles, thalamus, putamen, globus pallidus, lentiform nucleus, caudate nucleus, external and internal , capsule, claustrum, insula

    Page 30 (page 47), [page 65]: Corpus callosum, indusium griseum

    Page 31 (page 48), [page 66]: Corpus callosum, medial and lateral longitudinal striae

    Page 32 (page 50), [page 68]: Corpus callosum, mammilary bodies, fornix, columns and commissure of fornix, hippocampus, thalamus, putamen, globus pallidus, caudate nucleus, amygdale

    Page 33 (page 51), [page 69], [page ]: Corpus callosum, fornix, hippocampus, pineal gland

    Page 34 (page 52), [page 70]: Thalamus, interthalamic adhesion, mediodorsal nuclei (MD)

    Page 36 (page 56), [page 74]: Cerebellum, cerebellar nuclei: fastigial, globose, emboliform, dentate

    Page 43 (page 68), [page 86]: Ventricular system: frontal horn, temporal horn, occipital horn, central part, interventricular foramen of Monro, optic recess, interthalamic adhesion, aqueduct of Sylvius, third and fourth ventricles, lateral recess, foramen of Magendie, foramen of Luschka, choroid plexus of lateral, third and fourth ventricles

    Page 44 (page 70), [page 88]: Cerebellum, thalamus, pituitary, pineal

    Page 45 (page 73), [page 91]: CSF and ventricular system

    Page 77 (page 128), [page 149]: Foramen of Monro, aperture of Luschka and Magendie

    Page 177-178 (page 261-263), [page 291-293]: Hypothalamus

    Page 190 (page 288), [page 318]: Nucleus accumbens

    Page 191 (page 290,417), [page 320,455]: Amygdala

    Page 208 (page 318,382-383), [page 349,416-417]: Substantia nigra

    Page 258 (page 257,380), [page 287,414]: Cerebellar nuclei: fastigial, globose, emboliform, dentate

    Page 265-269 (page 262,390-394), [page 292,424-428]: Hypothalamus

    Page 282 (page 404-405,407), [page 438-440,442]: Anterior, preoptic and posterior nuclei of the hypothalamus


    If Needed, Other in-Depth Resources

    • "Atlas of Anatomy", Thieme, Head and Neuroanatomy, ISBN: 978-1-58890-441-6
    • "Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 3, Nervous System and Sensory Organs", Thieme, ISBN: 978-1-58890-0647
    • "Neuroanatomy, 3-D Stereoscopic Atlas", M. Hirsch, T. Kramer, Springer Ed, ISBN: 3-540-65998-6
    • "The Human Brain", John Nolte, Mosby, ISBN: 978-0-323-01320-8
    • "Neuroanatomy, Text and Atlas", John Martin, Appleton & Lange Ed ISBN: 0-8385-6694-4

    If you use the 4th edition of "Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy" you should specifically review plates 102-127 (formerly 96-121) and 160-170 (formerly 153-162).


    If you need a plastic brain model to help you assimilate these anatomical structures, Dr. Chikly recommends a 15-part, life-size model that is made of SOMSO Plast

     

     

 

 

 

 

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